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Abernethy, John (1764–1831), surgeon, born in Coleman Street, London, on 3 April 1764, was one of the five children of John Abernethy, a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Weir from Antrim in Ireland. Abernethy's early education took place at Wolverhampton grammar school, and at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to ...

Article

H. R. Tedder

revised by Michael Bevan

Atkinson, James (1759–1839), surgeon and bibliographer, the son of a medical practitioner and friend of Laurence Sterne, received his medical education as a pupil of Henry Cline of St Thomas's Hospital, London, and attended the lectures of Thomas Denman, physician-accoucheur to the Middlesex Hospital...

Article

Banister [formerly Banester], John (1532/3–1599?), surgeon, was the son of John Banister, apparently 'a minor official in the royal household' (Bindoff, 647), and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Lowth, of Sawtry, Huntingdon. He had a brother, Gabriel, and a sister, ...

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Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

Article

Bell, Joseph (1837–1911), surgeon, the son of Benjamin Bell, surgeon, and his wife, Cecilia Craigie, was born on 2 December 1837 at St Andrew Square, Edinburgh. He was educated at the Edinburgh Academy and entered the University of Edinburgh at the early age of sixteen; he graduated MD in 1859. He travelled to the continent but was not attracted to stay and study there. ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Ian R. Whitehead

Bowlby, Sir Anthony Alfred, first baronet (1855–1929), surgeon, was born at Namur, Belgium, on 10 May 1855, the third son of Thomas William Bowlby (1817–1860), who was then in Belgium acting as correspondent of The Times, and his wife, Frances Marion, youngest daughter of ...

Article

Braid, James (1795–1860), surgeon and hypnotist, son of James Braid and his wife, Anne Suttie, was born on 19 June 1795 at Ryelaw in a detached part of the parish of Portmoak, Kinross, Scotland. His father owned land in Ryelaw and in neighbouring ...

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Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, first baronet (1783–1862), physiologist and surgeon, was born on 8 June 1783 at Winterslow, Wiltshire, the fourth child and third son of Peter Bellinger Brodie (1742–1804), rector of the parish, and his wife, Sarah (1755–1847), daughter of Benjamin Collins...

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Brookes, William Penny (1809–1895), surgeon and campaigner for the revival of the Olympic games, was born on 13 August 1809 at 4 Wilmore Street, Much Wenlock, Shropshire, the first of the five children of William Brookes (1776–1830), doctor, and his wife, Mary Doughty (1786–1869)...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...

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Burkitt, Denis Parsons (1911–1993), surgeon and geographical epidemiologist, was born at Alexander Terrace, Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, on 28 February 1911, the elder of the two sons of James Parsons Burkitt (1870–1959), an engineer and county surveyor for Fermanagh, and his wife, Gwendolyn Hill (1878–1960)...

Article

Carmichael, Richard (1779–1849), surgeon and educationist, was born in Bishop Street, Dublin, on 6 February 1779, the fourth son of Hugh Carmichael, solicitor, who was closely related to the Scottish family of the earls of Hyndford, and his wife, Sarah (née Rogers)...

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Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist, born on 19 October 1688 in a dwelling, now Cheseldyne House, at Burrough on the Hill, Somerby, Leicestershire, was the third child and second son of George Cheselden, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Deborah, daughter of ...

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Clover, Joseph Thomas (1825–1882), anaesthetist and surgeon, was born on 28 February 1825 at home, over his father's shop, at 6 Market Place, Aylsham, Norfolk, the third of the five children of John Wright Clover (1780–1865), draper, and his second wife, Elizabeth Mary Anne Peterson (1791–1883)...

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Cooper, Sir Astley Paston, first baronet (1768–1841), surgeon, was born on 23 August 1768 at Brooke Hall, Norfolk, about 7 miles from Norwich, the fourth son and sixth child of the ten children born to the Revd Samuel Cooper (bap. 1739, d....

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Dawson, John (bap. 1735, d. 1820), mathematician and surgeon, was born at Raygill Farm in Garsdale, near Sedbergh in Yorkshire, the younger of the two sons of William Dawson and his wife, Mary, and was baptized on 25 February 1735. Accounts of his life have tended to stress the extreme poverty of his background. But ...

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Drake, Francis (bap. 1696, d. 1771), antiquary and surgeon, was baptized in Pontefract on 22 January 1696, the son of Francis Drake (1654–1713), vicar of Pontefract and canon of York, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Dickson, town clerk of ...

Article

Fayrer, Sir Joseph, first baronet (1824–1907), surgeon and physician, was born at Plymouth on 6 December 1824, the second son of the six sons and two daughters of Commander Robert John Fayrer RN (1788–1869), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1861), daughter of ...

Article

H. D. Rolleston

revised by Christopher Lawrence

Godlee, Sir Rickman John, baronet (1849–1925), surgeon, was born on 15 April 1849 at 5 Queen Square, London, the second son of Rickman Godlee, barrister, and his wife, Mary, eldest daughter of Joseph Jackson Lister, FRS, wine merchant and microscopist, and sister of ...

Article

G. B. Smith

revised by Anita McConnell

Gurney, Sir Goldsworthy (1793–1875), surgeon and engineer, was born on 14 February 1793 at Treator, near Padstow, in Cornwall, the fourth son in the family of five sons and a daughter of John Gurney and his wife, Isabell, née Carter. He was named after his godmother, a daughter of ...