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Bentham, Ethel (1861–1931), physician and politician, was born on 5 January 1861 at 82 King William Street, City of London, one of at least two daughters of William Bentham, an inspector and later general manager of the Standard Life Assurance Company, and his wife, ...

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Ganguly [née Basu], Kadambini (c. 1862–1923), physician and political activist, was born in Bhagalpur, a town in eastern India (now in the state of Bihar) where her father, Brajakishore Basu, was headmaster of a school. He was an active member of the reformist ...

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Gordon, Mary Louisa (1861–1941), physician and prison inspector, was born on 15 August 1861 at Seaforth in Lancashire, the daughter of James Gordon (1809/10-1894), hide and tallow broker, and his wife, Mary Emily, néeCarter (1831/2-1915). The Gordons had lived for generations in the ...

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Hale, Cicely Bertha (1884–1981), suffragette and health visitor, was born on 5 September 1884 at 8 Sussex Gardens, Paddington, London, the youngest of the five surviving children of Charles Douglas Bowdich Hale (1850–1927), a general practitioner, and his wife, Bertha Maria, née Poole (1840–1937)...

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Margaret Hamilton, Lady Belhaven and Stenton (b. in or before 1625, d. in or after 1694) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck [with John Hamilton, first Lord Belhaven and Stenton] Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hamilton, Margaret, Lady Belhaven and Stenton (b. in or before 1625, d. in or after 1694), royalist heroine and medical practitioner, was the illegitimate daughter of James Hamilton, second marquess of Hamilton (1589–1625). It has been plausibly suggested that her mother was Anne...

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Hollingsworth, Dorothy Frances (1916–1994), nutritionist and civil servant, was born on 10 May 1916 at 15 Honister Avenue, Newcastle upon Tyne, the daughter of Arthur Hollingsworth, pharmacist, and his wife, Dorothy Coldwell. After secondary education at Newcastle upon Tyne Church High School she entered ...

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Ker, Alice Jane Shannan Stewart (1853–1943), doctor and suffragette, was born on 2 December 1853 at Deskford, Cullen, Banffshire, the eldest child of the Revd William Turnbull Ker (1824–1885), minister of the Free Church of Scotland, and his wife, Margaret Millar, née Stevenson (1826–1900)...

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Knight, Elizabeth (1869–1933), doctor and campaigner for women's suffrage, was born on 31 August 1869 at Hive House, Northfleet, Kent, the third child and only daughter of John Messer Knight (1813/14–1880), a cement manufacturer, and his wife, Hannah, née Lucas. The family was Quaker; the firm of ...

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Lynn, Kathleen (1874–1955), physician and political activist, was born on 28 January 1874 at Mullafarry, near Killala, co. Mayo, Ireland, the second of four children of Robert Lynn (d. 1923), an Anglican clergyman, and his wife, Katharine Wynne (d. 1915). By 1886 the family had moved to ...

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Murdoch, Mary Charlotte (1864–1916), physician and suffragist, was born at 21 Institution Road, Elgin, on 26 September 1864, the youngest of seven children (three daughters and four sons) of William Murdoch (d. 1871), solicitor, and his wife, Jane, née Macdonald (d...

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Murray, Flora (1869–1923), physician and suffragette, was born at Murraythwaite, in Dumfriesshire, on 8 May 1869, the fourth of five children of John Murray (1828–1862), landowner and retired naval captain, and his wife, Grace Harriet, née Graham (1838–1923). Having attended schools in London...

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Flora Murray (1869–1923) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Edith Clara Summerskill, Baroness Summerskill (1901–1980) by Georges Maiteny, 1950s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Summerskill, Edith Clara, Baroness Summerskill (1901–1980), medical practitioner and politician, was born on 19 April 1901 at 46 Doughty Street, London, the youngest of three children and the youngest daughter of Dr William Summerskill MRCS LRCP (1866–1947) and his wife, Edith Clara Wilde...

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Wells [née Perry], Nesta Helen (1892–1986), physician and police surgeon, was born on 9 July 1892 at 71 Waterloo Road, Wolverhampton, the daughter of Herbert Edward Perry, a mineral water manufacturer who later became a Unitarian minister, and his wife, Edith Grafton Hopkins...