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Anderson, Elizabeth Garrett (1836–1917), physician, was born on 9 June 1836 at 1 Commercial Road, Whitechapel, London, the second of the nine children of Newson Garrett (1812–1893), grain merchant and maltster of Aldeburgh, Suffolk, and his wife, Louisa (1813–1903), daughter of John Dunnell...

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Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836–1917) by Walery, c. 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Monica Eileen Baly (1914–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved / News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

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Bannon, Dorothy Edith (1885–1940), nurse, was born on 7 June 1885 at New Romney, Kent, the daughter of James Norman Bannon, a solicitor, and his wife, Kate Mann. She trained as a nurse at the Nightingale School of Nursing at St Thomas's Hospital, London...

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Barber, Mary (1911–1965), bacteriologist, was born in Derby on 3 April 1911, the third daughter of Hugh Barber, physician, and Ethel M. Howlett. She was educated at Alice Ottley School, Worcester, and the London School of Medicine for Women; she obtained the conjoint diploma in 1934 and graduated MB BS in 1936. She then became resident pathologist and A. M. Bird scholar in the pathology unit of the ...

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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: 'The Devil, a General,' said the attendant. 'It's a woman. And a woman that has had a child' (...

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Beddington, Rosa Susan Penelope (1956–2001), developmental biologist, was born on 23 March 1956 at King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, the second daughter of (Julian) Roy Beddington, artist and writer, of Esseborne Manor, Hurstbourne Tarrant, Andover, Hampshire, and his wife, Anna Dorothy, née...

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Bentham, Ethel (1861–1931), physician and politician, was born on 5 January 1861 at 82 King William Street, City of London, one of at least two daughters of William Bentham, an inspector and later general manager of the Standard Life Assurance Company, and his wife, ...

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Blackwood [née Lambart], Lady Alicia (1818–1913), nurse and philanthropist, was born probably on 29 November 1818 at Eaglehurst, near Ower Green in Hampshire, the daughter of George Frederick Augustus Lambart, Viscount Kilcoursie (1789–1828), and Sarah Coppin (d. 1823), the only daughter of ...

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Blake, Dame Louisa Brandreth Aldrich- (1865–1925), surgeon, was born on 15 August 1865, at the rectory, Chingford, Essex, eldest daughter and second of six children of the Revd Frederick James Aldrich-Blake (formerly Aldrich; 1824–1904), rector of Chingford, and his wife, Louisa Blake Morrison (...

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Dame Louisa Brandreth Aldrich- Blake (1865–1925) by Sir William Orpen, 1921 Collection Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, London; photograph © Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Blake, Sophia Louisa Jex- (1840–1912), physician and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 21 January 1840 at 3 Croft Place, Hastings, Sussex. She was the youngest of the three surviving children of Thomas Jex-Blake (1790–1868), proctor of Doctors' Commons, and his wife, ...

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Sophia Louisa Jex- Blake (1840–1912) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bostock, Bridget [called the Cheshire Doctoress] (b. c. 1678, d. after 1749), faith healer, details of whose parentage are unknown, lived in Coppenhall, Cheshire, throughout her life and was uneducated. 'Aged about 70 years' (GM, 18.414), Bostock came to national attention in August 1748 as the result of a report about her in a local newspaper. She had been healing locally for many years with the use of fasting spittle, a little liquor of 'a red complexion', touch, and prayer. In 1748 people of all social ranks began to visit her, and by September she was receiving crowds of 600–700 a day. She was said to cure blind, deaf, and lame people, and those with rheumatism, the king's evil (scrofula), hysteric fits, falling fits, shortness of breath, dropsy, palsy, leprosy, and cancers (though not syphilis). ...

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Boyle, Helen (1869–1957), physician and specialist in the treatment of mental illness, was born in Dublin on 19 November 1869, the eldest of the five children of Richard Warneford Boyle (d. 1900), a banker, and Alice Mary (d. 1921), née Chambers...

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Bridges, Daisy Caroline (1894–1972), nursing administrator, was born on 7 April 1894, the daughter of John Henry Bridges JP (1852–1925), and his wife, Edith Isabella Trillon (d. 1907) of Ewell, Surrey. Educated at Heathfield School, Ascot, and Cheltenham Ladies' College, she trained as a nurse at the ...

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Brockman [née Bunce], Ann, Lady Brockman (d. 1660), writer on medicine, was the daughter of Simon Bunce of Linstead and Dorothy, daughter of William Grimsdiche. Her date of birth is unknown, as are details of her early life. She married Sir William Brockman...

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Dame Sidney Jane Browne (1850–1941) by Langfier © National Portrait Gallery, London