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Boudicca [Boadicea] (d. ad 60/61), queen of the Iceni, popularly known as Boadicea since the eighteenth century as a result of misreading manuscripts of the works of the Roman historian Tacitus, was the wife of Prasutagus [see under Roman Britain (55 bc–ad 84)...

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Cartimandua [Claudia Cartimandua, Julia Cartimandua] (d. after ad 69), queen of the Brigantes, a large tribal grouping in northern Britain, was married to Venutius, with whom she quarrelled and whom she replaced after c.ad 57 with Vellocatus, his armour bearer; no offspring are known. She died after ad 69, when she lost her throne to ...

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Helena [St Helena, Helen, Flavia Julia Helena] (c. 248–328/9), mother of the Roman emperor Constantine I, has no historical connection with Britain, despite a widespread belief that she was of British origin. This myth, which stems from a strong medieval tradition resulting in numerous dedications to her, especially in ...

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Labotsibeni (c. 1858–1925), queen mother and queen regent of Swaziland, was born at Luhlekweni in northern Swaziland about 1858, the daughter of Matsanjana Mdluli. At the time of her birth, her father was away fighting the people of Tsibeni in what became the ...

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Lozikeyi (b. before 1869, d. 1919), Ndebele queen of Bulawayo, was one of Cecil Rhodes's most effective opponents. Her father was Ngogo Dlodlo, and her mother was MaTshabalala, whose mother was Nxongo. Ngogo Dlodlo's family are said to have been kings in Zululand...

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Pocahontas [Matoaka, Amonute; married name Rebecca Rolfe] (c. 1596–1617), Algonquian Indian princess, was the daughter of Chief Powhatan (or Wahunsonacock) (d. 1618) of the Virginia Algonquian nation. Probably named Matoaka at birth, she was a prepubescent youngster and her father's favourite daughter and known as ...

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Pocahontas (c. 1596–1617) by Simon de Passe, 1616 © National Portrait Gallery, London