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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Applebey, Mary Frances (1916–2012), civil servant and mental health campaigner, was born on 14 July 1916 at Leyden House, Mortlake, Surrey, the elder daughter and eldest of three children of Malcolm Percival Applebey (1884–1957), chemistry tutor at St John's College, Oxford, and later research manager at ...

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Bentham, Ethel (1861–1931), physician and politician, was born on 5 January 1861 at 82 King William Street, City of London, one of at least two daughters of William Bentham, an inspector and later general manager of the Standard Life Assurance Company, and his wife, ...

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Browning [née Chadwick], Ethel (1891–1969), toxicologist and factory inspector, was born on 16 March 1891 at 36 Audlam Street, Bury, Lancashire, the daughter of James William Chadwick, cotton spinner, later a gentleman (1916), and sometime managing director of a soap factory, and his wife, ...

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Ganguly [née Basu], Kadambini (c. 1862–1923), physician and political activist, was born in Bhagalpur, a town in eastern India (now in the state of Bihar) where her father, Brajakishore Basu, was headmaster of a school. He was an active member of the reformist ...

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Gordon, Mary Louisa (1861–1941), physician and prison inspector, was born on 15 August 1861 at Seaforth in Lancashire, the daughter of James Gordon (1809/10-1894), hide and tallow broker, and his wife, Mary Emily, néeCarter (1831/2-1915). The Gordons had lived for generations in the ...

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Hale, Cicely Bertha (1884–1981), suffragette and health visitor, was born on 5 September 1884 at 8 Sussex Gardens, Paddington, London, the youngest of the five surviving children of Charles Douglas Bowdich Hale (1850–1927), a general practitioner, and his wife, Bertha Maria, née Poole (1840–1937)...

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Margaret Hamilton, Lady Belhaven and Stenton (b. in or before 1625, d. in or after 1694) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck [with John Hamilton, first Lord Belhaven and Stenton] Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hamilton, Margaret, Lady Belhaven and Stenton (b. in or before 1625, d. in or after 1694), royalist heroine and medical practitioner, was the illegitimate daughter of James Hamilton, second marquess of Hamilton (1589–1625). It has been plausibly suggested that her mother was Anne...

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Hollingsworth, Dorothy Frances (1916–1994), nutritionist and civil servant, was born on 10 May 1916 at 15 Honister Avenue, Newcastle upon Tyne, the daughter of Arthur Hollingsworth, pharmacist, and his wife, Dorothy Coldwell. After secondary education at Newcastle upon Tyne Church High School she entered ...

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Ker, Alice Jane Shannan Stewart (1853–1943), doctor and suffragette, was born on 2 December 1853 at Deskford, Cullen, Banffshire, the eldest child of the Revd William Turnbull Ker (1824–1885), minister of the Free Church of Scotland, and his wife, Margaret Millar, née Stevenson (1826–1900)...

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Knight, Elizabeth (1869–1933), doctor and campaigner for women's suffrage, was born on 31 August 1869 at Hive House, Northfleet, Kent, the third child and only daughter of John Messer Knight (1813/14–1880), a cement manufacturer, and his wife, Hannah, née Lucas. The family was Quaker; the firm of ...

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Lynn, Kathleen (1874–1955), physician and political activist, was born on 28 January 1874 at Mullafarry, near Killala, co. Mayo, Ireland, the second of four children of Robert Lynn (d. 1923), an Anglican clergyman, and his wife, Katharine Wynne (d. 1915). By 1886 the family had moved to ...

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Louisa Martindale (1872–1966) by Frank O. Salisbury, exh. Ehrlich Galleries, New York, 1925 © Estate of Frank O. Salisbury. All rights reserved, DACS 2010; New Sussex Hospital, Brighton; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Martindale, Louisa (1872–1966), gynaecologist and suffragist, the elder daughter of William Martindale (1833/4–c.1874), a City of London businessman, and Louisa Spicer [see Martindale, Louisa (1839-1914)], his second wife, was born at Gainsborough Lodge, Leytonstone, London, on 30 October 1872. Her father was an evangelical Anglican, her mother a Congregationalist. ...

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Murdoch, Mary Charlotte (1864–1916), physician and suffragist, was born at 21 Institution Road, Elgin, on 26 September 1864, the youngest of seven children (three daughters and four sons) of William Murdoch (d. 1871), solicitor, and his wife, Jane, née Macdonald (d...

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Murray, Flora (1869–1923), physician and suffragette, was born at Murraythwaite, in Dumfriesshire, on 8 May 1869, the fourth of five children of John Murray (1828–1862), landowner and retired naval captain, and his wife, Grace Harriet, née Graham (1838–1923). Having attended schools in London...

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Flora Murray (1869–1923) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Rickards, Esther (1893–1977), surgeon and socialist activist, was born on 13 July 1893 at 13 James Street, Paddington, London, one of seven children of John Edward Rickards (d. 1903?), veterinary surgeon, and his wife, Annie, formerly Somers. John Rickards had converted to Judaism in order to marry....