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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman, was born at Argyll Lodge, Kensington, London, on 22 February 1858, the fifth daughter and tenth of twelve children of George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of Argyll (1823–1900), and his first wife, ...

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Lady Frances Balfour (1858–1931) by Bassano, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Besant [née Wood], Annie (1847–1933), theosophist and politician in India, was born at 2 Fish Street Hill in the City of London on 1 October 1847, the only daughter of William Persse Wood (d. 1852), underwriter, and his wife, Emily Roche Morris (...

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Annie Besant (1847–1933) by Hayman Selig Mendelssohn © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blount, Elizabeth Anne Mould de Sodington [née Elizabeth Anne Mould Williams; other married name Elizabeth Anne Mould Morgan], Lady de Sodington Blount (1850–1935), pamphlet writer and social activist, was born on 7 May 1850 at 82 Upper Stamford Street near Waterloo, Lambeth, London...

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Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron, was the eldest daughter of Hugh de Bolebec (d. c.1165), lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, and a patron of the order of Friars Preacher in England. She appears first in the records as the widow of ...

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Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical, was born in London on 30 March 1858 at 3 Hedger's Terrace, Hackney, the second child of Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891), politician and freethinker, and Susannah Lamb Hooper (d. 1877). Her elder sister, Alice Bradlaugh (...

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Bridgeman [née Parker], Dame Caroline Beatrix, Viscountess Bridgeman (1873–1961), political activist and churchwoman, was born on 30 June 1873, the third of five children and eldest daughter of the Hon. Cecil Thomas Parker (1845–1931), son of the sixth earl of Macclesfield and land agent for the ...

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Burnet [née Kennedy], Lady Margaret (d. 1685), religious and political adviser, was the eldest daughter of John Kennedy, sixth earl of Cassillis (1601x7–1668), and his first wife, Lady Jean Hamilton (1607–1642). Known as 'the grave and solemn Earl', John Kennedy was, according to his son-in-law ...

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Carney [married name McBride], (Maria) Winifred, [Winnie] (1887–1943), trade unionist, suffrage activist, and Irish republican, was born at Bangor, co. Down, on 4 December 1887, the youngest of six children of Alfred Ernest Carney (1848–1929), a commercial traveller who was a Protestant, and his wife, ...

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Winnie Carney (1887–1943), by unknown artist, c. 1912

Reproduced courtesy of the National Library of Ireland (Ms 33,718/A(22))

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Chichester, Sophia Catherine (1795–1847), patron of religious and political unorthodoxy, was born in London on 7 August 1795, the fifth of eight children. Her father, Sir Francis Ford (1758–1801), held estates in Barbados, and in 1793 had been created baronet on his election to ...

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Chidley, Katherine (fl. 1616–1653), religious controversialist and Leveller, was of unknown origins and background. By 1616 she was married to Daniel Chidley (fl. 1616–1649), a tailor of Shrewsbury, Shropshire, and in the same year gave birth to their first child, Samuel Chidley...

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Codd, Clara Margaret (1876–1971), suffragette and theosophist, was born on 10 October 1876 at Pill House, Bishops Tawton, Barnstaple, north Devon, the eldest of ten children of Henry Frederick Codd (d. 1899) and his wife, Clara Virginia, née Botto (1853–1927). She was educated at home by governesses, and at fifteen rejected Christianity and declared herself an atheist. When she was twenty-three her father, a school inspector, died and the family moved to ...

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Colenso, Harriette Emily (1847–1932), missionary and political activist, was born on 30 June 1847 at Tharston, Norfolk, the eldest daughter of John William Colenso (1814–1883), first bishop of Natal, and his wife, (Sarah) Frances Bunyon (1816–1893). She had two sisters and two brothers. Her sister ...

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Court, Hannah Frances Mary [May] (1880–1945), accountant and parliamentary official, was born at Shanklin Lodge, Fernlea Road, Streatham, London, on 13 December 1880, the elder of twins and the second of four children of Thomas Ambrey Court (1850–1921) and his wife, ...

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Dugdale [née Balfour], Blanche Elizabeth Campbell (1880–1948), author and Zionist, was born on 23 May 1880 at 32 Addison Road, Holland Park, London. Generally known as Baffy, she was the eldest of the five children of Eustace James Anthony Balfour (1854–1911), an architect and the youngest brother of the prime minister ...

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Blanche Elizabeth Campbell Dugdale (1880–1948) by unknown photographer private collection / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ela, suo jure countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), magnate and abbess, was the daughter of William, earl of Salisbury, and his wife, Eleanor de Vitré. Her father died in 1196, leaving her as his heir, and Richard I...