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Applebey, Mary Frances (1916–2012), civil servant and mental health campaigner, was born on 14 July 1916 at Leyden House, Mortlake, Surrey, the elder daughter and eldest of three children of Malcolm Percival Applebey (1884–1957), chemistry tutor at St John's College, Oxford, and later research manager at ...

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Bishop [née Wall], Bernardine Anna Livia Mary (1939–2013), novelist and psychotherapist, was born on 16 August 1939 at her maternal family home, 47 Palace Court, Bayswater, London, the second daughter of the Salford-born Bernard Joseph Wall (1908–1974), author, editor, and translator, educated at ...

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Boyle, Helen (1869–1957), physician and specialist in the treatment of mental illness, was born in Dublin on 19 November 1869, the eldest of the five children of Richard Warneford Boyle (d. 1900), a banker, and Alice Mary (d. 1921), née Chambers...

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See Bebb [married name Thomson], Gwyneth Marjory

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Creak, (Eleanor) Mildred (1898–1993), child psychiatrist, was born on 11 August 1898 in Swann Lane, Cheadle Hulme, Stockport, Cheshire, the elder daughter of Robert Brown Creak, mill engineer, and his wife, Ellen, née McCrossan. She knew from an early age that she wanted to be a doctor and work with children. She entered the ...

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Drysdale, Barbara Estelle Dockar- [née Barbara Estelle Gordon] (1912–1999), psychotherapist, was born on 17 October 1912 at 8 Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin, the youngest of five daughters of Thomas Eagleston Gordon (1866–1929), surgeon, and his wife, Ellen Marguerite, née Blake. Her father was professor of surgery at ...

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P. Lovie and A. D. Lovie

Edgell, Beatrice (1871–1948), psychologist, was born on 26 October 1871 in Church Street, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, the youngest daughter of Edward Higginson Edgell, a bank manager, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Buckle. She attended Notting Hill High School for Girls, London, and the ...

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See Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann]

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See Fowler, Lydia Folger

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Fox, Dame Evelyn Emily Marian (1874–1955), mental health worker, was born at Morges, Switzerland, on 15 August 1874, one of four children, of whom two died in childhood, born to Richard Edward Fox, of Fox Hall, Edgeworthstown, co. Longford (who was related to ...

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Freud, Anna (1895–1982), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1895 at Berggasse 19, Vienna, the third daughter and sixth and youngest child of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), the founder of psychoanalysis, and his wife, Martha (1861–1951), daughter of Berman Bernays and his wife, Emmeline...

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Heimann [née Klatzko], Paula Gertrude (1899–1982), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 February 1899 in Danzig, Poland, the fourth and youngest child of Russian Jewish parents. Heimann would later reflect that she was a replacement for a sister who had died; indeed this family background is significant in the context of her subsequent analytic experiences. ...

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Himmelweit [née Litthauer], Hildegard Therese (1918–1989), social psychologist, was born on 20 February 1918 in Berlin, Germany, the younger child and only daughter of Dr Siegfried Litthauer (d. 1935), chemist and industrialist, and his wife, Feodore Remak. Culturally and materially this Jewish family was of high standing. ...

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Hutton, Isabel Galloway Emslie [née Isabel Galloway Emslie], Lady Hutton (1887–1960), physician specializing in mental disorders and social worker, was born in Edinburgh, the eldest daughter of James Emslie, advocate and deputy keeper of the privy seal of Scotland. She was educated at ...

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Susan Sutherland Isaacs (1885–1948) by Enoch Fairhurst, 1935 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Isaacs [née Fairhurst], Susan Sutherland (1885–1948), educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, was born on 24 May 1885, at 32 Bradshaw Brow, Turton, Bolton, Lancashire, the seventh of eight children of William Fairhurst, journalist and Methodist lay preacher, and his wife, Miriam Sutherland. Fairhurst's...

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Jahoda [married names Lazarsfeld, Albu], Marie [Mitzi] (1907–2001), social psychologist, was born on 26 January 1907 in Vienna, the third of the four children of Carl Jahoda (d. 1926), businessman, and his wife, Betty, née Probst. Her elder brother, Eduard...

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Joseph, Betty (1917–2013), psychoanalyst, was born on 7 March 1917 at 403 Gillott Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, the daughter of Henry Joseph (1879–1941), electrical engineer, and his wife, Nennie May, née Rudelsheim (1883–1966). Both parents came from Anglo-Jewish families that had emigrated from Alsace...

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Klein [née Reizes], Melanie (1882–1960), psychoanalyst, was born on 30 March 1882 at Tiefer Gruben 8, Vienna, the daughter of Moritz Reizes (1828–1900), doctor and dentist, and a Jewish scholar from a rigidly Orthodox Polish family, and Libussa Deutsch (1852–1914), the granddaughter of a liberal rabbi. The youngest of four children, she idolized an older sister who died when ...

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Melanie Klein (1882–1960) by Jane Bown, 1959 © Jane Bown