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Bentley, Charlotte Eliza (1915–1996), nurse and nursing activist, was born on 15 December 1915 at 63 Portland Court, Great Portland Street, London, the daughter of John Richard Bentley, hosier, and Charlotte Emma Redard. After education at a Swiss convent school and secretarial training ...

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Carnegie [née Scott], Susan (1743–1821), writer and benefactor, was born on 7 August 1743 in Edinburgh, the daughter of David Scott of Benholm (1700–1768), director and treasurer of the Bank of Scotland, and Mary Brown (1712–1794). She was tutored at home and gained a wide and deep knowledge of French and Italian literature and of philosophy, a proficiency in drawing (which she was taught by a relative ...

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King [née Gore-Browne], Dame Ethel Locke (1864–1956), motor-racing promoter and hospital patron, was born on 3 June 1864 at Government House, Hobart, Tasmania, the younger daughter of Colonel Sir Thomas Gore-Browne (1807–1887), governor of Tasmania, and his wife, Harriet Louisa, daughter of ...

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Mackenzie [née Spence], Dame Helen Carruthers (1859–1945), educationist and public health campaigner, was born on 13 April 1859 at Mortlach, Banffshire, the daughter of William Spence, merchant tailor and provost of Dufftown, and his wife, Mary McDonell. She was educated at the local village school, where she became a pupil teacher, and completed teacher training at the ...

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Malleson [née Whitehead], Elizabeth (1828–1916), educationist and promoter of rural district nursing, was born on 29 October 1828 in Chelsea, London, the eldest of the eleven children of Henry Whitehead, solicitor, of Chelsea, and his wife, Frances Ann, youngest child of Francis Maguire...

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Annie McCall (1859–1949) by Deneulain Wellcome Library, London

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McCall, Annie (1859–1949), physician and promoter of antenatal and maternity care, was born on 23 September 1859 at Dudley Bank Cottage, Whalley Range, Moss Side, Manchester, the third child of five born to William McCall (1810/11–1863), an insurance agent, and his wife, Mary (1831–1921)...

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Nichols, Mary Sergeant Gove (1810–1884), campaigner for medical reform and women's rights, was born at Goffstown, New Hampshire, USA, on 10 August 1810, the second daughter and third child of William A. Neal (d. 1845) and Rebecca R. Neal. Her paternal grandfather was Scottish, while her mother's family were Welsh. ...

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Florence Nightingale (1820–1910) by Goodman, c. 1857 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910), reformer of Army Medical Services and of nursing organization, was born on 12 May 1820 at Villa Columbaia, Florence, where her parents were on a European tour. Their other daughter, Frances Parthenope Nightingale (1819–1890) [see Verney, Frances Parthenope], born in ...

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Rothery, Mary Catherine Hume- (1824–1885), campaigner for medical reform and author, was born on 14 December 1824 at Bryanston Square, London, the youngest daughter of Joseph Hume (1777–1855) MP and his wife, Maria (b. 1786), daughter of Hardin Burnley, a proprietor of the ...

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Dame (Elsie) Rosemary Rue (1928–2004) by Nick Sinclair, 1996 © Nick Sinclair; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Rue [née Laurence], Dame (Elsie) Rosemary (1928–2004), medical practitioner and medical administrator, was born on 14 June 1928 at The Cottage, Heronway, Hutton, Essex, the daughter of Harry Laurence (d. 1978), accountant, and his wife, Daisy Annie, née Sully (d...

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Dame Cicely Mary Strode Saunders (1918–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Saunders, Dame Cicely Mary Strode (1918–2005), physician and founder of the modern hospice movement, was born on 22 June 1918 at Linden Lodge, Bedford Avenue, Barnet, Hertfordshire, the daughter of (Philip) Gordon Saunders (d. 1961), land surveyor, and his wife, Mary Christian, ...

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See Templer, Sir Gerald Walter Robert

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Woodhead, Grace Eyre (1864–1936), philanthropist and mental health reformer, was born on 24 February 1864 at 12 Norfolk Terrace, Brighton, the tenth of eleven children (ten girls and one boy) of Major Henry Joseph Plumridge Woodhead (d. 1903), a navy agent, and his wife, ...