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Ayrton [née Chaplin], Matilda Charlotte (1846–1883), physician, was born in Honfleur, France, the daughter of John Clarke Chaplin, a solicitor. Her early studies were in drawing and painting and she used her artistic talents throughout her subsequent career. But she began what was to prove a long struggle to qualify as a doctor about 1867. She attended classes at the ...

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Blake, Sophia Louisa Jex- (1840–1912), physician and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 21 January 1840 at 3 Croft Place, Hastings, Sussex. She was the youngest of the three surviving children of Thomas Jex-Blake (1790–1868), proctor of Doctors' Commons, and his wife, ...

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Sophia Louisa Jex- Blake (1840–1912) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women, was born on 24 March 1864 at Bank Buildings, 10A Coats Lane, Whitehaven, Cumberland. One of six children, she was the second of three daughters born to ...

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Clark, Hilda (1881–1955), physician and humanitarian aid worker, was born on 12 January 1881 at Green Bank, Street, Somerset, the youngest of the six children of William Stephens Clark (1839–1925), shoe manufacturer and social reformer, and Helen Priestman Clark (1840–1927), daughter of John Bright (1811–1889)...

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See Crofton, Sir John Wenman

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Fairfield, (Josephine) Letitia Denny (1885–1978), public health physician and campaigner for social reform, was born on 10 March 1885 at 26 Acland Street, St Kilda, Melbourne, Australia, the eldest of three daughters of Charles Fairfield (c.1842–1906), journalist, and his wife, Isabella Campbell Mackenzie (...

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Ferris, Elizabeth Anne Esther [Liz] (1940–2012), diver, doctor, and campaigner for gender equality in sport, was born on 19 November 1940 at the Mary Stanley Nursing Home in Bridgwater, Somerset, the second of three daughters and third of four children of Roy Ferris (1903–1975)...

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Elizabeth Anne Esther Ferris (1940–2012) by David Lees, 1960 © Getty Images

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Hoggan [née Morgan], Frances Elizabeth (1843–1927), physician and social reformer, was born on 20 December 1843 at the vicarage, Brecon, the eldest of the five children of Richard Morgan (d. 1851) and his wife, Georgiana Catherina Philipps. Her early childhood was spent mainly in ...

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Hutton, Isabel Galloway Emslie [née Isabel Galloway Emslie], Lady Hutton (1887–1960), physician specializing in mental disorders and social worker, was born in Edinburgh, the eldest daughter of James Emslie, advocate and deputy keeper of the privy seal of Scotland. She was educated at ...

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Jones, Vicky Veronica Clement- [née Vicky Veronica Yip] (1948–1987), physician and founder of the British Association for Cancer United Patients, was born on 23 December 1948 in Hong Kong, the third child of Teddy Yip, a successful Chinese businessman, and his wife, ...

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Lynn, Kathleen (1874–1955), physician and political activist, was born on 28 January 1874 at Mullafarry, near Killala, co. Mayo, Ireland, the second of four children of Robert Lynn (d. 1923), an Anglican clergyman, and his wife, Katharine Wynne (d. 1915). By 1886 the family had moved to ...

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Annie McCall (1859–1949) by Deneulain Wellcome Library, London

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McCall, Annie (1859–1949), physician and promoter of antenatal and maternity care, was born on 23 September 1859 at Dudley Bank Cottage, Whalley Range, Moss Side, Manchester, the third child of five born to William McCall (1810/11–1863), an insurance agent, and his wife, Mary (1831–1921)...

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Mears [née Loudon], Eleanor Cowie [Ellen Cowie] (1917–1992), medical practitioner and campaigner, was born on 9 December 1917 at Willowbank, Cleland, Lanarkshire, the second of three children of William Loudon (1888–1958), builder, and his wife, Helen Cowie, née Robertson (1893–1983). Her parents intended to christen her ...

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Phipson, (Mary) Edith Pechey- (1845–1908), physician and women's rights activist, was born Mary Edith Pechey on 7 October 1845 in the village of Langham, near Colchester, Essex, the sixth child and third daughter of the Revd William Pechey (d. 1888), Baptist minister at ...

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(Mary) Edith Pechey- Phipson (1845–1908) by Frank Meadow Sutcliffe © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Remond, Sarah Parker (1826–1894), slavery abolitionist and doctor, was born on 6 June 1826 in Salem, Massachusetts, one of at least eight children of John Remond, a migrant from Curaçao, and his wife, Nancy, née Lenox, who had been born into a free black family in ...

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Dame Cicely Mary Strode Saunders (1918–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London