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Bacon [née Cooke], Anne, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610), gentlewoman and scholar, was probably born at Gidea Hall, Essex. She was third of the nine children of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), one of the humanist educators who tutored Edward VI, and Anne (...

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Anne Bacon, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610) by unknown artist reproduced by permission of the Earl of Verulam. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Bing, Gertrud (1892–1964), scholar, was born in Hamburg, Germany, on 7 June 1892, the third child of Moritz Bing, merchant, and his wife, Emma Jonas. She was educated in Hamburg, where she qualified as a schoolteacher and taught for eighteen months. In 1916 she entered the ...

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Boole [née Everest], Mary (1832–1916), scholar and educationist, was born at Wickwar, Gloucestershire, the elder of the two children of the Revd Thomas Roupell Everest (d. 1855), rector of Wickwar, and his wife, Mary (d. 1895), daughter of Isaac Ryall...

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Mildred Cecil, Lady Burghley (1526–1589) attrib. Hans Eworth, c. 1563 The Marquess of Salisbury

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Cecil [née Cooke], Mildred, Lady Burghley (1526–1589), noblewoman and scholar, was born in 1526, the eldest of five daughters and four sons of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), Edward VI's tutor, of Gidea Hall in Essex, and Anne (d. 1553), daughter of ...

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Eckenstein, Lina Dorina Johanna (1857–1931), feminist polymath and cultural historian, was born on 23 September 1857 at 17 St George's Villas, Islington, London, the daughter of Frederick Gottlieb Eckenstein (1820/21–1891), a German businessman, and his wife, Julie Amalie Antonia Helmke (1830/31–1921). One of six children, her younger brother was the mountaineer ...

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Evans, Dame Joan (1893–1977), scholar and author, was born at Nash House, Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, on 22 June 1893, the only child of Sir John Evans (1823–1908), archaeologist and numismatist, and his third wife, Maria Millington Lathbury (1856–1944), daughter of Charles Crawford Lathbury...

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Fletcher [married name Wedderburn], Elizabeth [Betty] (1731–1758), scholar, was born in December 1731, the youngest daughter and seventh of the eight children of Andrew Fletcher, Lord Milton (1691/2–1766), lord justice clerk of Scotland, and his wife, Elizabeth Kinloch (bap. 1710, d...

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See Herbert, William, first earl of Pembroke

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Killigrew [née Cooke], Katherine (c. 1542–1583), gentlewoman and scholar, was the fifth daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), Edward VI's tutor, of Gidea Hall in Essex, and Anne (d. 1553), daughter of Sir William Fitzwilliam, and widow of Sir John Hawes...

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Madariaga, Isabel Margaret de (1919–2014), historian, was born on 27 August 1919 at 7 Park Circus Place, Hillhead, Glasgow, the daughter of Salvador de Madariaga (1886–1978), writer and diplomatist, and his wife, Constance Helen Margaret, née Archibald (1878–1970), an economic historian of medieval France. Her father became the first ...

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Bathsua Makin (b. 1600, d. in or after 1675) by William Marshall © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Makin [née Reginald], Bathsua (b. 1600, d. in or after 1675), scholar and teacher, was the elder of two daughters of Henry Reginald (d. 1635), a schoolmaster, and his wife, whose name is unknown; her younger sister Ithamaria was baptized at ...

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Laurentia Margaret McLachlan (1866–1953) by unknown photographer, 1923 Stanbrook Abbey Trustees

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McLachlan, Laurentia Margaret (1866–1953), abbess of Stanbrook and scholar, was born on 11 January 1866 at Coatbridge, Lanarkshire, and baptized Margaret at St Margaret's Church, Airdrie, the youngest of the seven children of Henry McLachlan (1828–1890), accountant, and his wife, Mary McAleese (1828–1900)...

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Roper [née More], Margaret (1505–1544), scholar and daughter of Sir Thomas More, was probably born in October 1505, the eldest child of Thomas More (1478–1535) and his first wife, Jane Colt (d. 1511). She spent much of her early life in the centre of the city of ...

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Margaret Roper (1505–1544) by Hans Holbein the younger, c. 1535–6 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1950. (50.69.2) Photograph © 1994 The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Sayers [married name Fleming], Dorothy Leigh (1893–1957), writer and scholar, was born on 13 June 1893 in the old Choir House at 1 Brewer Street, Oxford, the only child of the Revd Henry Sayers (1854–1928) and his wife, Helen Mary, née Leigh (1856–1929)...

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Dorothy Leigh Sayers (1893–1957) by Sir William O. Hutchison, c. 1949–50 © National Portrait Gallery, London