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Caplin, Roxey Ann [formerly Emily Roxey Caplin] (1793–1888), corset maker, writer, and lecturer on health, was born in Canada, the daughter of English settlers; Canadian Indians taught her canoeing and swimming as a child. Probably trained as a milliner, she married about 1835, and by 1839 was living in ...

Article

Mears [née Loudon], Eleanor Cowie [Ellen Cowie] (1917–1992), medical practitioner and campaigner, was born on 9 December 1917 at Willowbank, Cleland, Lanarkshire, the second of three children of William Loudon (1888–1958), builder, and his wife, Helen Cowie, née Robertson (1893–1983). Her parents intended to christen her ...

Article

Stopes [married name Roe], Marie Charlotte Carmichael (1880–1958), sexologist and advocate of birth control, was born at 3 Abercromby Place, Edinburgh, on 15 October 1880, the elder daughter of Henry Stopes (c.1852–1902), an architect from a wealthy brewing family who was interested in archaeology, and his wife, ...

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Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (1880–1958) by Sir Gerald Kelly, 1953 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Wilson, Helen Mary (1864–1951), social purity campaigner and physician, daughter of Henry Joseph Wilson (1833–1914), farmer, later director of an iron-smelting works, and his wife, Charlotte Cowan Wilson (1833–1921), was born on 1 December 1864 in Mansfield, Nottingham, but the family moved in her early infancy to ...

Article

Wright [née Lowenfeld], Helena Rosa (1887–1982), family planning practitioner and sex therapist, was born in Tulse Hill Road, Brixton, London, on 17 September 1887, the elder daughter of Heinz (later Henry) Lowenfeld (1859–1931), a Polish-Jewish immigrant to Britain, who became a successful entrepreneur and theatre manager, and his wife, ...

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Helena Rosa Wright (1887–1982) by unknown photographer, 1957 [lecturing to midwives in Warsaw] private collection. Photograph courtesy of the Wellcome Library, London