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Elizabeth I (1533–1603), queen of England and Ireland, was born between 3 and 4 o'clock on the afternoon of Sunday 7 September 1533 at Greenwich Palace, Kent, the only child of Henry VIII (1491–1547), king of England and Ireland, and his second wife, ...

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Elizabeth I (1533–1603) by unknown artist, c. 1575 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mary I (1516–1558), queen of England and Ireland, was born at Greenwich Palace on Monday 18 February 1516. Although she was not the male heir desired by her parents, Henry VIII (1491–1547) and his first wife, Katherine of Aragon (1485–1536), her birth and early survival offered hope that a healthy son would follow. ...

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Mary II (1662–1694), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born on 30 April 1662 in St James's Palace. She was the eldest child of James, duke of York, the future James II (1633–1701), and his first wife, Anne Hyde [see Anne (1637–1671)...

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Mary II (1662–1694) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1690 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Mary I (1516–1558) by Anthonis Mor, 1554 Museo del Prado, Madrid / Bridgeman Art Library