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Adeliza [Adeliza of Louvain] (c. 1103–1151), queen of England, second consort of Henry I, was a daughter of Godfrey, count of Lower Lorraine and duke of Brabant (d. 1139), and his first wife, Ide, daughter of Henri (III), count of Namur. Adeliza's...

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Alice, Princess [married name Princess Louis of Hesse] (1843–1878), grand duchess of Hesse, consort of Louis IV, and daughter of Queen Victoria, was born Alice Maud Mary at Buckingham Palace in the early morning of 25 April 1843, the third child and second daughter of ...

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Princess Alice (1843–1878) by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1861 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Anne [Anne of Cleves] (1515–1557), queen of England, fourth consort of Henry VIII, was the daughter of Johann (III), duke of Juliers-Cleves (1490–1539), and Maria (1491–1543), heir of Juliers (or Jülich). From 1511 Johann ruled Juliers in his wife's right and in 1521 inherited ...

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Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I, was born on 12 December 1574 at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark. She was the second daughter of Frederick II (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway...

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Anne [Anne of Bohemia] (1366–1394), queen of England, first consort of Richard II, was the eldest daughter of the Emperor Charles IV and his fourth wife, Elizabeth of Pomerania. She was born at Prague on 11 May 1366. Little is known of her early life, but it is likely that she received an informal education at court. Her marriage to the ...

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Anne, princess royal (1709–1759) by Jacopo Amigoni, c. 1734 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Anne (1366–1394) tomb effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Anne (1515–1557) by Hans Holbein the younger, 1539 © Photo RMN – Hervé Lewandowski

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Anne, princess royal (1709–1759), princess of Orange, consort of William IV, was born on 2 November 1709 at the Leine palace, Hanover, the second child and eldest daughter of George Augustus, electoral prince of Hanover, later George II of Great Britain (1683–1760), and his wife, ...

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Balthild [St Balthild, Balthilda] (d. c. 680), queen of the Franks, consort of Clovis II of Neustria, was a Saxon, almost certainly born in England, probably in the early or mid-630s. She became a Frankish queen and founded the convent of Chelles, to which she retired during the last years of her life. There she was revered as a saint soon after her death. Her life, written before 690–91 by someone at ...

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Berengaria [Berengaria of Navarre] (c. 1165–1230), queen of England, consort of Richard I, was the eldest daughter of Sancho VI, king of Navarre (1150–1194), and Sancha, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. She was born in Navarre, probably during the 1160s, her eldest brother being the future ...

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Caroline (1683–1737) by Jacopo Amigoni, 1735 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Caroline [Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach] (1683–1737), queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and electress of Hanover, consort of George II, was born on 1 March 1683 in the palace of Ansbach, south Germany. She was the elder of the two children of Johann Friedrich, ...

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Princess Caroline Matilda (1751–1775) by Jens Juel, 1769 Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen

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Caroline Matilda, Princess (1751–1775), queen of Denmark and Norway, consort of Christian VII, was the ninth and youngest child of Frederick Lewis (1707–1751) and Augusta (1719–1772), prince and princess of Wales. She was born at Leicester House in London on 22 July 1751, a little more than four months after her father's unexpected death. Her childhood was spent within the defensive confines of the court of her mother. ...

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Catherine (1638–1705) by Jacob Huysmans, c. 1664 [as a shepherdess] The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Catherine (1401–1437) wooden funeral effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Catherine [Catherine of Valois] (1401–1437), queen of England, consort of Henry V, was the youngest daughter of Charles VI of France (r. 1380–1422) and Isabella of Bavaria. She was born at the Hôtel St Pol in Paris on 27 October 1401. Her childhood was clouded by the impoverishment of the royal family and political divisions between the Armagnac and Burgundian factions in ...

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Catherine [Catherine of Braganza, Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança] (1638–1705), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles II, was born on 25 November 1638 ns at the Vila Viçosa in Alentejo, Portugal, the third but only surviving daughter of the five children of ...