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Askew [married name Kyme], Anne (c. 1521–1546), writer and protestant martyr, was probably born at her family home in Stallingborough, near Grimsby in Lincolnshire, the second daughter of Sir William Askew (1489–1541) and his first wife, Elizabeth Wrottesley. She had two brothers, ...

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Brooksby [née Vaux], Eleanor (c. 1560–1625), recusant and priest harbourer, was the eldest daughter and second of four children of William Vaux, third Baron Vaux of Harrowden (1535–1595), and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1562), daughter of Sir John Beaumont of ...

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Carew [née Denny], Martha, Lady Carew (c. 1500–1572), recusant, was born at Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, the eldest daughter of the exchequer baron Sir Edmund Denny (d. 1520) and his second wife, Mary Troutbeck of Bridge Trafford, Cheshire. About 1519 Martha married the financial official ...

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Clitherow [née Middleton], Margaret [St Margaret Clitherow] (1552/3–1586), Roman Catholic martyr, was born in York, the youngest of the four children of Thomas Middleton (d. 1567), wax chandler and freeman of York, and his wife, Jane (c.1515–1585), daughter of ...

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Dyer [née Barrett], Mary (d. 1660), Quaker martyr in America, of whom all that is known of her parentage is her maiden name, married William Dyer (bap. 1609), a milliner and member of the Fishmongers' Company, probably in St Martin-in-the-Fields, Middlesex...

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Dympna [St Dympna] (fl. late 6th–early 7th cent.), martyr, is the patron saint of the town of Geel in Belgium, where she is invoked against insanity. Dympna and her counsellor, the priest Gerebern, are both supposed to have been buried in Geel. Fragments of their presumed sarcophagi still exist in the church of ...

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See Lollard women

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Haining, Jane Mathison (1897–1944), Christian missionary and martyr, was born on 6 June 1897 at Lochenhead Farm, Dunscore, Dumfriesshire, the fifth of the six children of Thomas John Haining (1866/7–1922), farmer, and his first wife, Jane Mathison (1865/6–1902), a farmer's daughter. After her mother's early death in childbirth she was nurtured in the strongly evangelical piety of ...

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Honywood [née Waters], Mary (1527–1620), matriarch and sustainer of protestant martyrs, was the daughter and coheir of Robert Waters, esquire, of Lenham, Kent, where she was born. In 1543 Mary married Robert Honywood, esquire, of Charing, Kent. The couple had 16 children and by the time of her death she had 114 grandchildren, 228 great-grandchildren, and 9 great-great-grandchildren. As ...

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Mary Honywood (1527–1620) by unknown artist, c.1620 Colchester and Ipswich Museum Service

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Hooper, Anne [née de Tscerlas] (d. 1555), protestant exile, is of obscure origins. Little is known about her parentage or early life, though several sources confirm that she was born into a noble family from the Low Countries, near Antwerp. Anne had at least one sister (later the wife of the French reformer ...

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Anne Howard, countess of Arundel (1557–1630) by Wenceslaus Hollar (after Lucas Vorsterman, c. 1626) © Copyright The British Museum

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Howard [née Dacre], Anne, countess of Arundel (1557–1630), noblewoman and priest harbourer, was born in Carlisle on 1 March 1557, the eldest daughter of Thomas Dacre, fourth Lord Dacre of Gilsland (1526?–1566), and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1567), daughter of ...

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Lawson [née Constable], Dorothy (1580–1632), recusant and priest harbourer, was born at Wing, Buckinghamshire, the second daughter of Sir Henry Constable (d. 1607) of Burton Constable, Holderness, Yorkshire, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Dormer of Wing, Buckinghamshire. She was raised as a pious Roman Catholic by her mother, who had spent time in prison for her recusancy. In 1597, aged seventeen, ...

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Lewis [née Curzon], Joyce [Jocosa] [other married name Joyce Appleby, Lady Appleby] (d. 1557), protestant martyr, was the daughter of Thomas Curzon of Croxall, Staffordshire, and his wife, Anne Aston of Tixall. She married twice: her first husband was Sir George Appleby...

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Line [née Heigham], Anne [St Anne Line] (d. 1601), Roman Catholic martyr, was probably the eldest daughter of William Heigham, of Dunmow, Essex, a protestant landowner, and if so was originally named Alice. According to Henry Garnett she was educated at court. ...

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See Wilson, Margaret

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Percy [née Somerset], Anne, countess of Northumberland (1536–1591), rebel and Roman Catholic exile, was the third daughter of Henry Somerset, second earl of Worcester (1495/6–1549), and his second wife, Elizabeth Browne (c.1502–1565), sister of the courtier Sir Anthony Browne. Her elder brother, ...

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Ursula [St Ursula] (fl. mid-5th cent.), martyr, was venerated at Cologne, but is traditionally supposed to be of British birth. Although various legends—vitae, passiones, miracula, accounts of translations—form the predominant body of source material, there does exist a concrete object with which consideration of ...

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Vaux, Anne (bap. 1562, d. in or after 1637), recusant, was the third daughter of William Vaux, third Baron Vaux of Harrowden (1535–1595), and his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Beaumont, master of the rolls from 1550 to 1552. Anne was baptized at ...