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Alexander, Mary (1760–1809), Quaker minister, was born on 7 February 1760 at Needham Market, Suffolk, the third of the eight children of Dykes Alexander (c.1724–1786), shopkeeper, and his wife, Martha Biddle (1727–1775), of whom five survived childhood. Both her parents were established Quakers, her father being an elder and her mother a minister. ...

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Ashbridge [née Sampson], Elizabeth (1713–1755), Quaker minister and writer, was born in Middlewich, Cheshire, the daughter of Thomas Sampson, a ship's surgeon, and his wife, Mary. Few details are known about Elizabeth's early life, parents, and family; indeed, most of the information about her later life and career is taken from her spiritual autobiography (composed about 1745), which records her 'remarkable experiences' (the title of some versions of the narrative indicated) after she left home aged fourteen. About 1727 she eloped with, and married, a stocking weaver, who died within the year. ...

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Biddle, Hester (1629/30–1697), Quaker minister and writer, spent her childhood in Oxford. She twice refers to having been born an Anglican, but nothing else is known of her family origin. She wrote only under her married name, so her marriage to Thomas Biddle (...

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Blaugdone, Barbara (c. 1609–1704), Quaker preacher, was 'a Woman of good Parts and Education' (Besse, 2.37) and well connected. Her husband, about whom nothing is known, probably died young, leaving her a widow with a small income which she supplemented by teaching. She was converted to Quakerism in 1654 by ...

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Blaykling, Ann (fl. 1652–1708), Quaker preacher, was probably born at Draw-well, near Sedbergh in Yorkshire, the daughter of Thomas Blaykling, of whom nothing is known except that he shared a substantial house with his son John (1625–1705). Another son, Richard, was a puritan minister. When ...

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See Braithwaite, Joseph Bevan

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Camm [née Newby; other married name Audland], Anne (1627–1705), Quaker preacher, was born in August 1627, the daughter of Richard Newby of Kendal; she was baptized there on 28 October 1627. Westmorland was to remain her home in later life: she lived at ...

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Chamber [née Hall], Grace (1676–1762), Quaker minister, was born on 15 October 1676 at Monk Hesledon, co. Durham, the only child of James Hall and his second wife, Grace, widow of Anthony Pearson and daughter of Thomas and Grace Lamplough. Her father and his first wife, ...

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Cheevers [née Shenel], Sarah (c. 1608–1664?), Quaker missionary, declared to the Maltese Inquisition in 1658 that she was the daughter of Margaret and William ‘Shenel’ and was then aged about fifty. She married Henry Cheevers of Slaughterford, Wiltshire, with whom she had several children....

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Crowley, Ann (1765–1826), Quaker minister, was born on 8 May 1765 at Shillingford, Oxfordshire, the sixth of the eight daughters of William Crowley (1717?–1783), mealman and maltster, and his wife, Catherine Stiles (d. 1795). Ann felt her Quaker family helped her to struggle with what she perceived to be spiritual weakness. 'A fondness for dress and music were some of my greatest foibles, and I am bound to acknowledge that had it not been for parental care, advice and prudent restraint, I might have gone great lengths in these gratifications' (...

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See Curwen, Thomas

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Darby [née Maude; other married name Sinclair], Abiah (1716–1794), Quaker minister, was born in Sunderland, co. Durham, the youngest of the thirteen children of Samuel Maude (1665–1730), a Sunderland Quaker and coal fitter, and his wife, Rachel (1667–1734), née Warren. Little is known about her upbringing, but by sixteen she was, like her parents, a committed Friend. However, despite a strong inner call to public testimony, she was unable to respond for many years. In 1733 she met ...

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Darby [née Barnard], Deborah (1754–1810), Quaker minister and traveller, was born on 25 August 1754 at Upperthorpe, near Sheffield, Yorkshire, one of fifteen children born to John Barnard (1723–1789), tanner of Upperthorpe, and Hannah Wilson (d. 1793), of Kendall. Four of their sons and two daughters survived infancy. Little is known about her childhood but she evidently received a sound education and developed a deep spiritual awareness in the Quaker circles in which her family moved....

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Drummond, May (1709/10–1772), Quaker minister, was born in Edinburgh, the daughter of John Drummond (d. 1709), a factor and merchant, and his wife, who died in 1736. Her brother George Drummond (1687–1766) was lord provost of Edinburgh six times and another brother, ...

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Dudley, Elizabeth (1779–1849), Quaker minister, was born on 1 September 1779 at Suirville Mills, Clonmel, co. Tipperary, Ireland, the eldest of the eight children of Robert Dudley (1732?–1807) and his third wife, Mary (1750–1823), daughter of Joseph and Mary Stokes of Bristol. She was educated at ...

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Dudley [née Stokes], Mary (1750–1823), Quaker minister, was born on 8 June or 8 August 1750 at Bristol, the daughter of Joseph (d. 1773) and Mary Stokes. It has been claimed that there were thirty children and that on one occasion half were in ...

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Dyer [née Barrett], Mary (d. 1660), Quaker martyr in America, of whom all that is known of her parentage is her maiden name, married William Dyer (bap. 1609), a milliner and member of the Fishmongers' Company, probably in St Martin-in-the-Fields, Middlesex...

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Erbery, Dorcas (fl. 1656–1659), Quaker preacher, possibly born in Cardiff, was the daughter of William Erbery (1604/5–1654), puritan minister, and his wife, Mary (d. 1667×70), who also became a Quaker preacher. Young female preachers often followed the missionary tradition practised by their mothers. Thus Quaker daughters, it has been suggested, acted as female ‘apprentices’ and this is indicated in the actions of ...

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Estaugh [née Haddon], Elizabeth (1680–1762), Quaker leader and colonial landowner, was born on 5 July 1680 in Bermondsey, Surrey, the second daughter and third child of John Haddon (1654–1724) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Clarke (1651?–1724). John Haddon was a convinced Quaker and twice had been fined for voicing his religious views. Like other Quakers he was persuaded by ...

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Evans [née Canual or Canval], Katharine (c. 1618–1692), Quaker missionary, declared to the Maltese inquisition in 1658 that she was the daughter of Anne and Roger ‘Canual’ and that she was then aged about forty; this was an Italian rendering of her maiden name, which may have been ...