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Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women, was born on 24 March 1864 at Bank Buildings, 10A Coats Lane, Whitehaven, Cumberland. One of six children, she was the second of three daughters born to ...

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Butler, Fanny Jane (1850–1889), physician and medical missionary, was born on 5 October 1850 at 6 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London, the eighth of the ten children of Thomas Butler (b. 1809), who worked at the British Museum, and his wife, Jane Isabella North...

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Hanson, Helen Beatrice de Rastricke (1874–1926), physician, missionary, and feminist, was born at Horsham Road, Dorking, Surrey, on 6 January 1874, the second of four children of Edward Hanson (1842–1924) and his wife, Caroline Ann, née Offord (1844–1930). Her father, a bank clerk who became a bank branch manager, had spent some of his childhood in ...

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Jinner, Sarah (fl. 1658–1664), compiler of almanacs and medical practitioner, has left no trace of her family or background and is known only through the pioneering series of almanacs she published from 1658 to 1664, aimed mainly at women. Her woodcut portrait depicts an elegantly dressed figure, and her style indicates that she was well educated and aiming at a respectable audience. The almanacs are distinctive for their spirited assertion of women's abilities, their frank treatment of female medical problems, and their combative observations on contemporary politics. Acknowledging in her first edition that readers 'may wonder to see one of our Sex in print, especially in the Celestial Sciences' (...

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Kearney, Theresa [name in religion Mary Kevin] (1875–1957), medical missionary, was born on 28 April 1875 on a small farm in Knockenrahan, Arklow, co. Wicklow, the posthumous child of Michael Kearney (d. 1875), and youngest daughter of his wife, Theresa Grennell...

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Kingsford [née Bonus], Anna [Annie] (1846–1888), physician and spiritualist, was born on 16 September 1846 at Maryland Point, Stratford, Essex. She was a sickly child, the youngest daughter of twelve children born to Elizabeth Ann Schröder and her husband, John Bonus (...

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Maillard [married name Briel], Marie (1680–1731), beneficiary of miraculous healing, was born in Cognac, St Ouge, France, on 25 September 1680. A Huguenot, in 1689 she escaped from persecution in France with her parents, John Maillard, a sword-cutler, and Charlotte du Dognon...

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Patridge, Dorothy (fl. 1694), midwife and student in astrology, is a shadowy and perhaps fictitious person known only from The Woman's Almanack, for the Year 1694. The title page, illustrated with a crude woodcut of the author, explained that the work contained 'many choice, useful, pleasant, and most necessary Observations; adapted to the Capacity of the Female Sex, and not to be found in other Almanacks'. Despite the title it contained no calendar or astronomical data, offering instead monthly advice on health and husbandry, with tips on how to predict the weather, harvest, and the healthiness of the season. These included predictions based on the day on which new year's day fell, critical days in diseases, and weather lore based on the behaviour of birds and animals. Many of the monthly observations concerned sexual matters, such as the note for April: 'This Month Venus is very rampant; get a lusty Husband, least worse befal the' (...

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Pattison, Dorothy Wyndlow [known as Sister Dora] (1832–1878), Anglican nun and nurse, was born on 16 January 1832 at the rectory, Hauxwell, near Richmond, Yorkshire, the eleventh of the twelve children of the Revd Mark James Pattison (1788–1865), rector of Hauxwell, and ...

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Dorothy Wyndlow Pattison [Sister Dora] (1832–1878) by Charles Henry Jeens, pubd 1880 (after Mrs Williams) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Plummer [née Lapsker], Beatrice [Beattie], Baroness Plummer (1903–1972), farmer and politician, was born in Russia, probably in Kiev, on 14 April 1903, one of several children of Meyer (or Morris) Lapsker (or Lipsker; (1871–1940), furniture dealer, and his wife, ...

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Hannah Riddell (1855–1932) by unknown photographer, c. 1906 private collection

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Riddell, Hannah (1855–1932), medical missionary, was born on 17 October 1855 at 9 The Barracks, Barnet, Hertfordshire, the only daughter of Daniel Riddle (1810–1889) (he always spelt his name differently from his wife and daughter) and Hannah Wright (1814–1886), née Hunt. Daniel was born in ...

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See North Berwick witches

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Waterston, Jane Elizabeth (1843–1932), missionary and doctor in South Africa, was born on 18 January 1843 in Inverness, a middle child of four girls and two boys of the first cousins Agnes Webster and Charles Waterston (d. 1897), the manager of the ...