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Ackroyd, Dame (Dorothy) Elizabeth [Betty] (1910–1987), civil servant and consumer rights campaigner, was born at Hydrastin House, Wilpshire, Lancashire, on 13 August 1910, the daughter of Major Charles Harris Ackroyd MC, an army officer, and his wife, Dorothy Margaret Baynes. After being educated privately, she entered ...

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Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement, was born on 3 February 1849 at Heath Lodge, Petersfield, Hampshire, the eldest daughter of the Revd Francis Macaulay Cunningham (1815/16–1899) and his wife, née Alice Charlotte Poore...

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Adams, Mary Jane Bridges- [née Mary Jane Daltry] (1854–1939), socialist and educationist, was born on 19 October 1854 at Maesycwmer, Bedwas, Monmouthshire, south Wales, the daughter of William Daltry, an engine fitter, and his wife, Margaret Jones. She was born into a family of civil engineers, and her father later held an appointment at the ...

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Adamson [née Johnston], Janet Laurel (1882–1962), labour movement activist and politician, was born at Kilmarnock on 9 May 1882, one of the six children of Thomas Johnston, a railway porter, and Elizabeth, née Denton. Her father died young and her mother had to become a dressmaker to support the family. As ...

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See Addison, Joseph

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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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See Neave, Airey Middleton Sheffield

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Alice [married name Alice de Lusignan], suo jure countess of Eu (d. 1246), magnate, was the daughter of Henri, count of Eu and lord of Hastings, and Matilda, the daughter of Hamelin (de Warenne), earl of Surrey, and Countess Isabel de Warenne...

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Mary Sophia Allen (1878–1964) by Mrs Albert Broom, 1916 [centre, with members of the women police] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer, was born on 12 March 1878 at 2 Marlborough Terrace, Newport Road, Roath, Glamorgan, the daughter of Thomas Isaac Allen, a superintendent of the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Margaret Sophia Carlyle. Her sister, Mrs Hampton...

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Allfrey, Phyllis Byam Shand (1908–1986), author and politician, was born in Roseau, Dominica, British West Indies, on 24 October 1908, the second daughter of Francis Byam Shand (b. 1879), a lawyer who had come to Dominica from England in the early 1900s, and ...

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Amos [née Bunting], Sarah Maclardie (1840/41–1908), political activist, was born in Manchester, the youngest daughter of Thomas Percival Bunting, a Manchester solicitor and third son of prominent Wesleyan Methodist Jabez Bunting (1779–1858), and of Eliza Bealey of Ratcliffe, near Manchester. Sarah had two sisters, ...

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Amrit Kaur [Rajkumari Amrit Kaur] (1889–1964), politician and advocate of women's rights, was born on 2 February 1889 at Kapurthala Palace, Lucknow. She was the only daughter among the six children of Sir Harnam Singh (1851–1930), youngest son of Sir Raja Randher Singh Bahadur...

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Dame Adelaide Mary Anderson (1863–1936) by Olive Edis, 1930s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Dame Adelaide Mary (1863–1936), civil servant, was born on 8 April 1863 in Melbourne, Australia, the eldest child in the large family of Alexander Gavin Anderson, a Scottish shipbroker, and his wife, Blanche Emily Campbell. Her grandfather was Dr Alexander Anderson, principal of the ...

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Anderson [née Bodley], (Alix Yveline) Ava Courtenay, Viscountess Waverley (1895–1974), political and social hostess, was born in France on 12 December 1895, the only daughter and third of four children of the writer John Edward Courtenay Bodley (1853–1925) and his first wife, ...

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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Anderson, (Margaret) Betty Harvie, Baroness Skrimshire of Quarter (1913–1979), politician, was born on 12 August 1913 at 9 London Terrace, Glasgow, the only child of Colonel Thomas Alexander Harvie Anderson CB TD DL (d. 1953), solicitor and magistrate, and his wife, Margaret Agnes (Nessie) Wilson Shearer (...

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Andrews [née Smith], Elizabeth (1882–1960), political organizer and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 15 December 1882 at 13 John Street, Penderyn, Brecknockshire, the third of the eleven children of Samuel Smith, coalminer and general dealer, and his wife, Charlotte, née...