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Alkin, Elizabeth [nicknamed Parliament Joan] (c. 1600–1655?), nurse and spy, was the wife of Francis Alkin, who was hanged as a spy in Oxford by royalist forces during the civil war. Alkin's activities are known largely from her surviving petitions for payment and relief (many of them undated or misattributed in ...

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Almeida [née Hart], June Dalziel (1930–2007), virologist, was born on 5 October 1930 at 10 Duntroon Street, Glasgow, the daughter of Harry Leonard Hart, bus driver, and his wife, Jane Dalziel, née Steven. On leaving school in 1947 she became a laboratory technician in histopathology at ...

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Anderson, Elizabeth Garrett (1836–1917), physician, was born on 9 June 1836 at 1 Commercial Road, Whitechapel, London, the second of the nine children of Newson Garrett (1812–1893), grain merchant and maltster of Aldeburgh, Suffolk, and his wife, Louisa (1813–1903), daughter of John Dunnell...

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Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836–1917) by Walery, c. 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Anderson, Madge Easton (1896–1982), lawyer, was born at 75 Kent Road, Glasgow, on 24 April 1896, the youngest of three daughters born to Robert Easton Anderson (1865–1932), a cutlery salesman, and his wife, Anne Catherine Chisholm (1864–1947), daughter of an ...

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See Edinburgh Seven

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Ansell, Barbara Mary (1923–2001), rheumatologist, was born at 24 Jury Street, Warwick, on 30 August 1923, the only child of Herbert Joseph Ansell, secretary to a building society who also served for a period as mayor of Warwick, and his wife, Annie Olivia, ...

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Applebey, Mary Frances (1916–2012), civil servant and mental health campaigner, was born on 14 July 1916 at Leyden House, Mortlake, Surrey, the elder daughter and eldest of three children of Malcolm Percival Applebey (1884–1957), chemistry tutor at St John's College, Oxford, and later research manager at ...

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Ashby, Winifred Mayer (1879–1975), medical researcher, was born on 13 October 1879 in London, the daughter of George Mayer Ashby and Mary-Ann Brock. She moved with her parents and two brothers to Chicago and became a naturalized American citizen in 1893. She never married. ...

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Ashford, Ethel Bright (1883–1980), barrister, was born at 20 Marlow Road, Beckenham, Kent, on 18 March 1883, the third daughter and fourth of five children of Henry Bright Ashford (1851–1926), a commercial traveller and later a hosiery manufacturer and warehouseman, and his wife, ...

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Ethel Bright Ashford (1883–1980), by Hanslip Fletcher, 1942

City of Westminster Archives Centre

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Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist, was born on 1 April 1923 in Vienna, the second child and only daughter of Czech parents who were Jewish converts to Catholicism, Carl Frederick (later Charles Frederick) Askonas (1893–1946) and his wife, Rose, née...

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Brigitte Alice Askonas (1923–2013) by unknown photographer, 1970s © reserved; National Institute of Medical Research

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Ayrton [née Chaplin], Matilda Charlotte (1846–1883), physician, was born in Honfleur, France, the daughter of John Clarke Chaplin, a solicitor. Her early studies were in drawing and painting and she used her artistic talents throughout her subsequent career. But she began what was to prove a long struggle to qualify as a doctor about 1867. She attended classes at the ...

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Ballin, Ada Sarah (1862–1906), magazine editor and proprietor, and writer on health, was born on 4 May 1862 at 47 Woburn Place, Bloomsbury, London, first of the three children of Isaac Ballin (c.1811–1897), merchant, and his wife, Annie, née Moss. She was brought up in a Jewish home and educated privately before attending ...

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Monica Eileen Baly (1914–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved / News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

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Bannon, Dorothy Edith (1885–1940), nurse, was born on 7 June 1885 at New Romney, Kent, the daughter of James Norman Bannon, a solicitor, and his wife, Kate Mann. She trained as a nurse at the Nightingale School of Nursing at St Thomas's Hospital, London...