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Ackroyd, Dame (Dorothy) Elizabeth [Betty] (1910–1987), civil servant and consumer rights campaigner, was born at Hydrastin House, Wilpshire, Lancashire, on 13 August 1910, the daughter of Major Charles Harris Ackroyd MC, an army officer, and his wife, Dorothy Margaret Baynes. After being educated privately, she entered ...

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Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement, was born on 3 February 1849 at Heath Lodge, Petersfield, Hampshire, the eldest daughter of the Revd Francis Macaulay Cunningham (1815/16–1899) and his wife, née Alice Charlotte Poore...

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Adam [née King], Ruth Augusta (1907–1977), writer and feminist, was born on 14 December 1907 at the vicarage in Arnold, a mining parish in Nottinghamshire, the second of the four children of the Revd Rupert William King (1874–1955), a Church of England...

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Joy Adamson (1910–1980) by unknown photographer [with Elsa the lioness] © Elsa Conservation Trust

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Adamson, Joy [née Friederike Viktoria Gessner] (1910–1980), conservationist and artist, was born on 20 January 1910 in Troppau, Silesia, the second of the three children of Viktor Gessner (d. 1933/4), civil servant, and his wife, Traute Greipel (1888?–1973). Her mother's family was well off, owning lands and paper factories. After her parents were divorced in 1922 she was brought up by her maternal grandmother in ...

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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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Allen [née Gill], Marjory, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897–1976), landscape architect and promoter of child welfare, was born on 10 May 1897 at Hazelstubbs, Gravel Hill, Bexleyheath, the daughter of George Joseph Gill (c.1860–1947), a water-rate collector, and his wife, ...

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Amrit Kaur [Rajkumari Amrit Kaur] (1889–1964), politician and advocate of women's rights, was born on 2 February 1889 at Kapurthala Palace, Lucknow. She was the only daughter among the six children of Sir Harnam Singh (1851–1930), youngest son of Sir Raja Randher Singh Bahadur...

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See Edinburgh Seven

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Andrews [née Smith], Elizabeth (1882–1960), political organizer and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 15 December 1882 at 13 John Street, Penderyn, Brecknockshire, the third of the eleven children of Samuel Smith, coalminer and general dealer, and his wife, Charlotte, née...

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Anger, Jane (fl. 1588), writer on women, was the author of Jane Anger her protection for women, to defend them against the scandalous reportes of a late surfeiting lover, and all other like venerians that complaine so to bee overcloyed with womens kindnesse...

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Anstey, Rhoda (1865–1936), promoter of women's physical education, was born at Jurishayes Farm near Tiverton, Devon, on 15 April 1865, the seventh of nine children and second daughter of John Walters Anstey, a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Susanna Elizabeth, née Manley. She was a natural countrywoman with a great love of the county of her birth; in 1891 she was managing the dairy on the family farm. Little else is known of her early life before she attended ...

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Enid Margaret Appiah (1921–2006) by Terry Fincher, 1955 Getty Images

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Appiah [née Cripps], Enid Margaret [Peggy] (1921–2006), anthologist and charity worker, was born on 21 May 1921 at Filkins, Gloucestershire, the youngest child in the family of three daughters and one son of Sir (Richard) Stafford Cripps (1889–1952), barrister and politician, and his wife, ...

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Archdale [née Russel], Helen Alexander (1876–1949), feminist and journalist, was born at Nenthorn, Berwickshire, on 25 August 1876, the daughter of Alexander Russel (1814–1876) and Helen Evans, née Carter (1834–1903) [see under Edinburgh Seven]. Her father, who died a month before her birth, was editor of ...

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Helen Alexander Archdale (1876–1949) by Lafayette, 1928 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Archer, Georgina (1827–1882), promoter of women's education, was born on 27 September 1827 in Edinburgh, the youngest of the four children of Andrew Archer, dentist, and his wife, Ann, née Cunningham. The family consisted of two sons and two daughters. The eldest, James Archer (1822–1904)...

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Armine [née Talbot; other married name Holcroft], Mary, Lady Armine (1594–1676), benefactor, was born at Overton, Huntingdonshire, the daughter of Elizabeth Reyner and Henry Talbot, fourth son of George Talbot, sixth earl of Shrewsbury. She married first Thomas Holcroft and second, on 28 August 1628, ...

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Armitt, Mary Louisa (1851–1911), author and founder of the Armitt Library, Ambleside, was born at 19 Melbourne Terrace, Salford, Lancashire, on 24 September 1851. She was the youngest of three daughters of William Armitt (1815–1867), an impecunious assistant overseer who valued learning, and his wife, ...

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Mary Louisa Armitt (1851–1911) by Sophia Armitt The Armitt Trust Collection