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Amherst [formerly Tyssen-Amherst], Alicia Margaret [married name Alicia Margaret Cecil, Lady Rockley] (1865–1941), garden historian, was born on 30 July 1865 at Didlington Hall, Didlington, near Mundford, Norfolk, fifth of the seven children (all daughters) of William Amhurst Tyssen-Amherst (1835–1909), landowner, and his wife, ...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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See Ballard, Stephen

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Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

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Batey [née Lever], Mavis Lilian (1921–2013), code-breaker and garden historian, was born on 5 May 1921 at 20 Crebor Street, Dulwich, London, the only daughter and younger child of Frederick (formerly Fred, later Stanley Frederick) Lever (1887/8–1971) and his wife, Lily Elizabeth, ...

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See Beauchamp, William, first Baron Bergavenny

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Betts, Annie Dorothy (1884–1961), apiculturist and expert on bee diseases, was born on 22 November 1884 at Claverley, Adelaide Road, Surbiton, Surrey, the daughter of Edward Peto Betts (1844–1918), civil engineer and financier, and his wife, Frances Ashenhurst Maclean (1853–1934). She was from a distinguished family of railway constructors that included her grandfather ...

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Anne Isabella Noel Blunt, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917) by unknown photographer [with Kassida] © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses, was born on 22 September 1837 in London, the second of the three children, and the only daughter, of William King, first earl of Lovelace...

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Brailsford, Mary Ann (bap. 1791, d. 1852), originator of the Bramley's Seedling apple, was baptized at Southwell, Nottinghamshire, on 20 May 1791, the eldest daughter of Charles Brailsford (d. 1812) and his wife, Elizabeth Dickinson (d. 1837). In 1809 the family moved to ...

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Brenchley, Winifred Elsie (1883–1953), agricultural botanist, was born on 10 August 1883 in London, the only child of William Brenchley, a Camberwell schoolmaster who was once mayor of the borough, and Elizabeth Beckett. She was educated at James Allen's Girls' School in Dulwich...

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Brent, Margaret (c. 1601–c. 1671), colonist and proprietary agent in America, was born in England, the eldest daughter of Catholic gentry parents, Richard Brent (1573–1652) of the manor of Lark Stoke and Admington in Gloucestershire, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Giles Reed...

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Broadhurst, Mary Adelaide (1860–1928), agricultural reformer and radical, was born at Chorlton upon Medlock, Lancashire, on 23 May 1860, the second daughter of William Broadhurst, bookkeeper for a bank, accountant, and city councillor in Manchester, and his wife, Maria, née Hutchinson. She gained an MA degree at ...

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See Grieve [née Law], Sophia Emma Magdalene [Maud]

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Cherry, (Winifred) Mary (1926–2015), agricultural journalist and charity chair, was born on 17 July 1926 at Barford St Michael, near Banbury, Oxfordshire, the only daughter and second child of (William) Raymond Cherry (1891–1960), farmer, and his wife, ...

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Rosalie Caroline Chichester (1865–1949) by unknown photographer, 1928 [right, with her companion, Miss Clara Peters] National Trust, Arlington Court

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Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner, was born on 29 November 1865 at Arlington Court, Devon, the only child of Sir Alexander Palmer Bruce Chichester (1842–1881), baronet, and his wife, Rosalie Amelia (1842/3–1908), daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne of Cranbury Park, Hampshire. Both parents came from long-established, well-connected ‘county’ families. Her paternal grandfather, ...

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Christie, Isabella Robertson [Ella] (1861–1949), traveller and gardener, was born on 21 April 1861 at Millbank, Cockpen, Edinburgh, the second child and elder daughter in the family of one son (d. 1872) and two daughters of John Christie (1824–1902), a Scottish coalmine owner, and his wife, ...

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Margaret H. B. Sanderson

Cochrane, Marion (d. 1559), tenant farmer, is first recorded in 1550 as the widow of John Stoddart of Lessudden (now St Boswell's), Roxburghshire. Having lost her husband when her children were young, she left on record her arrangements for the management of her family's affairs. It is the richness of the documentation, not the management, which is unusual. Although remarriage was common, many households in sixteenth-century ...