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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses, was born on 22 September 1837 in London, the second of the three children, and the only daughter, of William King, first earl of Lovelace...

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Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner, was born on 29 November 1865 at Arlington Court, Devon, the only child of Sir Alexander Palmer Bruce Chichester (1842–1881), baronet, and his wife, Rosalie Amelia (1842/3–1908), daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne of Cranbury Park, Hampshire. Both parents came from long-established, well-connected ‘county’ families. Her paternal grandfather, ...

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Earle [née Villiers], (Maria) Theresa [known as Mrs C. W. Earle] (1836–1925), horticulturist, was born at 45 Cambridge Terrace, London, on 8 June 1836, the eldest daughter of Edward Ernest Villiers (1806–1843), younger brother of the fourth earl of Clarendon, and his wife, ...

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Fane, Lady Rachael [married namesRachael Bourchier, countess of Bath; Rachael Cranfield, countess of Middlesex] (bap. 1613, d. 1680), estate manager and benefactor, was baptized at Mereworth, Kent, on 28 January 1613, one of the fourteen children of Sir Francis Fane (1583/4–1629), later ...

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Fish [née Townshend], Margery (1892–1969), gardener and author, was born at 16 Eastbank, Stamford Hill, London, on 5 August 1892, the second of the four daughters of Ernest Townshend (d. 1926), City of London commercial traveller in tea, and his wife, ...

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Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer, was born at Hyndford's Close, Edinburgh, the third of the four children of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, Wigtownshire, third baronet, (c.1712–1771), and his wife, Magdalene, daughter of ...

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Havergal, (Grace) Beatrix Helen (1901–1980), horticulturist and teacher, was born on 7 July 1901 at Roydon Manor House near Bressingham, Norfolk, the second of three children of the Revd Clement Havergal (1858–1941), vicar of Bressingham, and his wife, Eveline Mary Barrett (1869–1931). The children had a happy life despite friction between their father, an eccentric and repressive character, and their artistic and romantic mother. In 1902 the family moved to ...

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Jekyll, Gertrude (1843–1932), artist and garden designer, was born at 2 Grafton Street, London, on 29 November 1843, and baptized at St George's, Hanover Square, the fifth of seven children and the second daughter of Edward Joseph Hill Jekyll (1804–1876), a retired captain in the ...

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Jones, Kathleen Letitia Lloyd (1898–1978), garden designer and nurserywoman, was born on 4 June 1898 at Rotherslade House at Oystermouth on the Gower peninsula in Glamorgan. Known as Kitty, she was the ninth of the ten children of Arthur Lloyd Jones (1853–1932), a physician and surgeon, and his wife, ...

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Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver, was baptized on 15 October 1751 at Croft-on-Tees, Yorkshire, the only daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, fifth baronet (1721?–1798), of Halnaby Hall, Yorkshire, landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

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L'Estrange [née Stubbe], Alice, Lady L'Estrange (1585–1656), keeper of household and estate accounts, was the only child of Richard Stubbe (d. 1619), a lawyer, and his second wife, Anne Goding, formerly widow of John Le Strange (d. 1582). Richard Stubbe...

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McLaren [née Pochin], Laura Elizabeth, Lady Aberconway (1854–1933), campaigner for women's rights and horticulturist, was born at Camp Street, Broughton, Lancashire, on 14 May 1854, the only surviving daughter of Henry Davis Pochin (1824–1895), industrial chemist and MP, and his wife, Agnes Pochin, ...

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Nevill [née Walpole], Lady Dorothy Fanny (1826–1913), hostess and horticulturist, was born on 1 April 1826 at 11 Berkeley Square, London. She was the youngest in the family of three sons and two daughters of Horatio Walpole, third earl of Orford, and his wife, ...

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Paston [née Knyvett], Katherine, Lady Paston (bap. 1578, d. 1629), estate manager and letter writer, was baptized on 22 June 1578 at Ashwellthorpe in north Norfolk, one of six surviving children of Sir Thomas Knyvett (d. 1618) and his wife, Muriel (...

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Potter [married name Heelis], (Helen) Beatrix (1866–1943), artist, children's writer, and sheep breeder, was born on 28 July 1866 at 2 Bolton Gardens, South Kensington, London, the elder child and only daughter of Rupert William Potter (1832–1914), a lawyer specializing as equity draftsman and conveyancer until he inherited a large fortune in 1883. A close friend of ...

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Renton [née Robertson], Dorothy Graham (1898–1966), gardener, was born at 15 Marshall Place, Perth, on 7 April 1898, the daughter of William Robertson, medical practitioner and medical officer of health, and his wife, Robina, née Conacher. She married in Edinburgh, on 11 September 1922, ...

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Townshend [née Campbell], Caroline, suo jure Baroness Greenwich [other married name Caroline Scott, countess of Dalkeith] (1717–1794), landowner, was born on 17 November 1717, the first of the five children of John Campbell, second duke of Argyll and first duke of Greenwich...

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West, Victoria Mary [Vita] Sackville- (1892–1962), writer and gardener, was born on 9 March 1892 at Knole near Sevenoaks, Kent, the only child of Lionel Edward Sackville-West (1867–1928), and his wife and first cousin, Victoria Josefa Dolores Catalina Sackville-West (1862–1936), society hostess, the illegitimate daughter of ...

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Wethered, Joyce [married name Joyce Heathcoat-Amory, Lady Heathcoat-Amory] (1901–1997), golfer and horticulturist, was born on 17 November 1901 at Coombefield, Malden Road, New Malden, Surrey, the only daughter and younger child of (Herbert) Newton Wethered (b. 1869), artist and author, and his wife, ...