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Anderson, Elizabeth Garrett (1836–1917), physician, was born on 9 June 1836 at 1 Commercial Road, Whitechapel, London, the second of the nine children of Newson Garrett (1812–1893), grain merchant and maltster of Aldeburgh, Suffolk, and his wife, Louisa (1813–1903), daughter of John Dunnell...

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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Ashford, Ethel Bright (1883–1980), barrister, was born at 20 Marlow Road, Beckenham, Kent, on 18 March 1883, the third daughter and fourth of five children of Henry Bright Ashford (1851–1926), a commercial traveller and later a hosiery manufacturer and warehouseman, and his wife, ...

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Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist, was born on 1 April 1923 in Vienna, the second child and only daughter of Czech parents who were Jewish converts to Catholicism, Carl Frederick (later Charles Frederick) Askonas (1893–1946) and his wife, Rose, née...

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

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Barnes, Dame (Alice) Josephine Mary Taylor (1912–1999), obstetrician and gynaecologist, was born in Cliff Road, Sheringham, Norfolk, on 18 August 1912, the first of five children of Walter Wharton Barnes, a Methodist minister from Addingham, Yorkshire, and his wife, Alice Mary, formerly Ibbetson...

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: 'The Devil, a General,' said the attendant. 'It's a woman. And a woman that has had a child' (...

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Bethune [née Peebles], Margaret (1820–1887), midwife, was born in Largo, Fife, on 2 October 1820, the only child of Margaret Walker (d. 1874), a linen worker. Her father was Andrew Peebles, a weaver of Lundin Mill. The family was not wealthy, although in 1847 ...

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Blackie, Margery Grace (1898–1981), homoeopathic physician, was born on 4 February 1898 at Redbourn, Hertfordshire. She was the youngest of ten children of Robert Blackie (c.1852–1936), a man of independent means, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1941), daughter of Rowland Rees...

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Blackwell, Elizabeth (1821–1910), physician, was born on 3 February 1821 at Counterslip Street, Bristol, the third daughter and the third of nine children of Samuel Blackwell (c.1790–1838), sugar refiner, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of Bristol jewellers (husband and wife) named ...

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Blake, Dame Louisa Brandreth Aldrich- (1865–1925), surgeon, was born on 15 August 1865, at the rectory, Chingford, Essex, eldest daughter and second of six children of the Revd Frederick James Aldrich-Blake (formerly Aldrich; 1824–1904), rector of Chingford, and his wife, Louisa Blake Morrison (...

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Blake, Sophia Louisa Jex- (1840–1912), physician and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 21 January 1840 at 3 Croft Place, Hastings, Sussex. She was the youngest of the three surviving children of Thomas Jex-Blake (1790–1868), proctor of Doctors' Commons, and his wife, ...

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Browne, Dame Sidney Jane (1850–1941), nurse, was born on 5 January 1850 in Bexley, Kent, one of the four children of Benjamin Stocks Browne and his wife, Jane Sidney, formerly Deane. Sidney grew up in a medical family: her father was a surgeon and her two brothers were doctors. She was educated at home, and when she was twenty-eight started nursing at the ...

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Bryans [née Gilmour], Dame Anne Margaret (1909–2004), charity worker and hospital governor, was born at 9 Atholl Crescent, Edinburgh, on 29 October 1909, the elder child of Sir John Gilmour of Lundin and Montrave, second baronet (1876–1940), politician, and his first wife, ...

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Bülbring, Edith (1903–1990), pharmacologist and physiologist, was born on 27 December 1903 in Bonn, Germany, the youngest of four children and third daughter of Karl Daniel Bülbring, professor of English at Bonn University, and his wife, Hortense Leonore Kann, a Dutch woman, daughter of a Jewish banker's family in ...

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Cakebread, Jane (1827/1828–1898), inebriate and subject of medical enquiry, was born in Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, the daughter of James Cakebread (1783/4–1852), a carpenter and carter originally from Clavering, Essex, and his wife, Susan (1793/4–1863) of Sawbridgeworth. The eldest surviving daughter in a large family, ...

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Carter, Yvonne Helen (1959–2009), general practitioner and medical educationist, was born on 16 April 1959 at 3 Woburn Hill, Stoneycroft, Liverpool, was educated at Notre Dame High School, Liverpool, and then was accepted as a medical student at St Mary's Hospital medical school...

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Casson, Elizabeth (1881–1954), medical practitioner, was born at Cae Derwen, Denbigh, on 14 April 1881, the sixth of seven children of Thomas Casson (1843–1911), bank manager, and his wife, Laura Ann, née Thomas (1843–1912). The actor and theatre director Sir Lewis Thomas Casson...

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Cavell, Edith Louisa (1865–1915), nurse and war heroine, was born on 4 December 1865, the first child of the Revd Frederick Cavell (1825–1910), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Louisa Sophia (1835–1918), née Warming, in Swardeston vicarage, Norfolk. Her father, a graduate of ...

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Chambers, Helen (1879–1935), pathologist and cancer research worker, was born on 18 July 1879 in Bombay, India, the only daughter of Frederick Chambers, of the Indian Civil Service. Her family returned to Britain and she was educated at the Jersey Ladies' College, and later at ...