Welcome to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

  • Over 60,000 biographies, 72 million words, 11,000 portraits of significant, influential or notorious figures who shaped British history – perform advanced search
  • Discover highlights from our May 2018 update. Life of the day now available by email or RSS feed.
  • Have questions about how to use the redesigned website? Check out our Help page for a video demo and detailed instructions or read through our FAQs.

Learn more

Letter from Sir David Cannadine

George Belcher

George Belcher (1875–1947), cartoonist and painter, drew for Tatler from 1906 until after the First World War. He also contributed to Punch Almanac, drew regularly for Punch itself, along with American magazine Cosmopolitan, and the American edition of Vanity Fair.

Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein (1882–1960), born in Vienna, remains one of the most influential figures in child psychoanalysis today. In her practice, Klein turned to the child's natural means of expression: play. With this technique she was able to analyse children in the third year of life.