Welcome to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Over 60,000 biographies, 72 million words, 11,000 portraits of significant, influential or notorious figures who shaped British history – perform advanced search
- Discover highlights from our latest update. Life of the day now available by email or RSS feed.
- Have questions about how to use the redesigned website? Check out our Help page for a video demo and detailed instructions or read through our FAQs.
Phyllis Dorothy James (1920–2014) took the murder mystery novel that had its golden age in the 1920s and 1930s and deepened it emotionally, psychologically, and morally, to give it another golden age, becoming one of the best-known crime fiction writers in the world. Her works include the Adam Dalgliesh mysteries, Innocent Blood, and The Children of Men.
Image credit: 'Phyllis Dorothy James (1920–2014)' via National Portrait Gallery.
Constance Markievicz (1868–1927) was an Irish republican, executive member of Sinn Féin, suffragette, and socialist. She joined the Irish Citizen Army in the Easter Rising of 1916 and was sentenced to death for her part in the rebellion; this was commuted because of her sex. She became the first woman elected to British parliament and the first woman in history to hold a cabinet position.
Image credit: 'Constance Georgine Markievicz' via National Library of Ireland.